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Dental prosthetics

Dental prosthetics refers to the process of elimination of dentition defects or alveolar bone and prevention of further organ destruction (tooth dislocation, gum atrophy).

Dental prosthetics has a very ancient history: dental prostheses were made even in the times of ancient Egypt. For many centuries people tried to solve the problem of how and with what to replace lost teeth. Plenty of materials were used to make dentures: wood, bull and elephant bone, gold, porcelain. They tried a lot of very tricky and very simple structures to fix the prostheses. Dentists, masseurs, healers, barbers and even jewelers were engaged in making dentures.

In general, dental prosthetics developed more than one thousand years without help of doctors, until 1710 when Nicolas Bidloo’s book on general prosthetics was published. From this time dentistry becomes the lot of doctors.

Danger of teeth loss

Throughout the life of a person, the teeth are exposed to a variety of external and internal factors, which, unfortunately, lead to tooth loss. Loss of teeth is a serious medical and social problem. In some cases, the loss of teeth changes the appearance of a person, the proportions of the face are affected, a speech defect and a number of psychological problems may appear. Even the loss of one tooth entails a number of problems: adjacent teeth are shifted to the place of defect, trying to replace the formed gap, which can affect incorrect closing and dentition.

Classification of dentures

Modern dental prosthetics offers many prostheses classifed by following criteria: material and method of prouction, location, lifetime. Nevertheless, common classification of dental prostheses is according to the type of construction:

  • non-removable dentures – crowns, bridges, etc. This type of prosthesis is fixed on the supporting teeth with the help of cement and other means, removal of which from the oral cavity is possible only by a doctor using special tools;
  • removable prostheses which can be taken out of the oral cavity at any time by the patient;
  • conditionally removable dentures (clasp or arc prosthesis) are attached to the supporting teeth with special fastenings.

We shall separately say about microprosthetics. This is the new word in modern dentistry! It is used for aesthetic restoration of teeth, mostly frontal ones. Prosthesis is carried out with the help of special inserts or veneers, which eliminate minor flaws in the teeth (split of the enamel, etc.).

“VerMax” dental clinic appies the most advanced achievements in dental prosthetics. It allows achieving significant cosmetic and therapeutic effect. New materials and technologies make modern prostheses much more durable than old samples!