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Dentistry dealing with treatment and prevention of periodontal diseases is called periodontics. In modern dentistry particular attention is paid to periodontal diseases. This is caused by the fact that with the development of periodontitis and its complications, this disease more often leads to tooth loss, and foci of infection in periodontal “pockets” have a negative effect on the human body as a whole.

With civilization progress  the prevalence of periodontal diseases has increased dramatically and has acquired the importance of both general medical and social problems. According to some studies: only 12% of the population have a healthy periodont, 53% have initial inflammatory elements, 23% have initial destructive changes, and 12% have moderate and severe lesions.

What is parodont?

Parodont is a multifunctional complex of tissues, including gum, bone tissue of the alveoli, periodontium and tooth tissue (cement, etc.). Periodontal tissues perform very important functions: barrier, trophic, damping, reflex, plastic.

Causes of periodontal disease:

  • Poor oral hygiene;
  • Chronic human diseases;
  • Disorders of hormonal balance and metabolism;
  • Acute poisoning and intoxication of the body (especially with heavy metals);
  • Injuries;
  • Caries complications;
  • Lack of vitamin C and B group vitamins;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Incorrect occlusion (occlusal injuries);
  • Bad habits;
  • Iatrogenic factor (medical errors in treatment and manipulations, etc.).


Periodontal diseases are dangerous because they progress asymptomatically. People, not paying attention to the disease, visit the doctor at the middle and late stages, making a big mistake. The most common periodontal disease are gingivitis, periodontitis, parodontosis, parodontium lysis. Symptoms of diseases is very diverse and largely depends on the nature of the course of the disease and the stage of development, but there are common symptoms.

  • bad breath;
  • teeth covered with a lot of soft and hard deposits;
  • bleeding gums when brushing or eating;
  • swelling of the gums and aching pain;
  • exposed tooth neck;
  • tooth mobility.

Medical treatment

Diseases are well treated at early stages. Complex of therapeutic measures and their success largely depend on the timely visit to the doctor.